The Potential Of Judicial Review As An Incremental Business Strategy (The Emergence Of Sharing Economy And One-Stop Services Application In Indonesia)

Febrian Indar Surya Kusuma(1), Sapto Hermawan(2*), Ardyllis Alves Soares(3)

(1) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta Jalan Ir. Sutami 36A Kentingan Surakarta 57126
(2) Fakultas Hukum Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta Jalan Ir. Sutami 36A Kentingan Surakarta 57126
(3) Master and Doctorate Program of Law, Faculty of Law, Centro Universitário de Brasília, CEUB, Brazil)
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The digital economic system has changed the pattern of relationships between service providers and consumers in conducting transactions. Starting from the opportunity given by the Supreme Court to online taxi service providers as part of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (from now on MSMEs), application services such as Go-Jek and Grab are now becoming new spaces for national economic growth. This study will specifically answer how the judicial review process becomes a form of incremental policy, which is very important for business continuity in the industrial era 4.0. This paper can fill the research gap regarding policy alternatives response in supporting the development of the digital economy in Indonesia. This paper will be portrayed using doctrinal research methods and statutory approaches in descriptive and prescriptive styles. As a result, this paper demonstrates that the Supreme Court, as the judiciary institution, plays a central role in responding to changing societal needs. The rationality of business actors in the theory of economic analysis of law has led them to step up and look for responsive policy alternatives. This condition is proven by the judicial review decision on Case Number 37 P/HUM/2017, which was then able to save MSME actors during the COVID-19 pandemic. The development of an incremental policy model is a form of government response to support national economic growth in the digital era, which demands rapid change.


Keywords


Digital Economics; Judicial Review; Incremental Policy; SMSEs

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abraham A Singer. The Form of the Firm: A Normative Political Theory of the Corporation. New York: Oxford University Press, 2019.

Agus Riyanto. “Economic Analysis of Law Terhadap Kejahatan Korporasi.” Binus University: Faculty of Humanities, December 2018. https://business-law.binus.ac.id/2018/12/12/economic-analysis-of-law-terhadap-kejahatan-korporasi/.

Albrow, Martin. "The Global Shift and Lts Consequences for Sociology." In Advances in Sociological Knowledge, edited by Nikolai Genov. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-663-09215-5.

Anita Asnawi. “Kesiapan Indonesia Membangun Ekonomi Digital Di Era Revolusi Industri 4.0.” Syntax Literate: Jurnal Ilmiah Indonesia 7, no. 1 (January 2022): 398–413.

Beckman, Ludvig. "Three Conceptions of Law in Democratic Theory." Canadian Journal of Law & Jurisprudence 36, no. 1 (February 2023): 65–82. https://doi.org/10.1017/cjlj.2022.22.

Christiani Junita Umboh. “Penerapan Trias Politica Dalam Sistem Pemerintahan Indonesia.” Lex Administratum 8, no. 1 (2020).

Coyle S. "Hart, Raz, and the Concept of a Legal System." Law and Philosophy 21 (2002): 275–304. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1015596412545.

Dale, Gareth. "Justificatory Fables of Ordoliberalism: Laissez-Faire and the 'Third Way.'" Critical Sociology 45, no. 7–8 (November 2019): 1047–60. https://doi.org/10.1177/0896920519832638.

Delanty, Gerard. "The Future of Capitalism: Trends, Scenarios, and Prospects for the Future." Journal of Classical Sociology 19, no. 1 (February 2019): 10–26. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468795X18810569.

Efi Sulistyowati, Endah Pujiastuti, and Tri Mulyani. “Penerapan Konsep Trias Politica Dalam Sistem Pemerintahan Republik Indonesia; Studi Komparatif Atas Undang-Undang Dasar Tahun 1945 Sebelum Dan Sesudah Amandemen.” Jurnal Dinamika Sosial Budaya 18, no. 2 (Desember 2016).

Ertemel, Adnan Veysel Veysel, and Mustafa Emre Civelek. "Analyzing the Effect of One-Stop Shopping on Purchase Intention in E-Commerce:" International Journal of Information Systems in the Service Sector 14, no. 1 (March 18, 2022): 1–15. https://doi.org/10.4018/IJISSS.295871.

Gary Minda. "The Lawyer- Economist at Chicago: Richard A. Posner and the Economic Analysis of Law." Ohio State Law Journal 39, no. 1 (1978): 439–75.

Guillen, Mauro F. "Is Globalization Civilizing, Destructive or Feeble? A Critique of Five Key Debates in the Social Science Literature." Annual Review of Sociology 27 (2001): 235–60.

Harnay, Sophie, and Alain Marciano. "Posner, Economics and the Law: From 'Law and Economics' to an Economic Analysis of Law." Journal of the History of Economic Thought 31, no. 2 (June 2009): 215–32. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1053837209090208.

Hermawan, Sapto, and Febrian Indar Surya Kusuma. "Discourse on Online Transportation Under Posner's Theory: A Comparative Analysis in Indonesia and Brazil." Revista de Direito Internacional 20, no. 1 (June 22, 2023). https://doi.org/10.5102/rdi.v20i1.8753.

Joseph Raz. The Authority of Law: Essays on Law and Morality. 2nd ed. Oxford : New York: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Joshua Pike. "The Law Does Not Exist to Guide Us." Jurisprudence 14, no. 1 (January 2, 2023): 95–112. https://doi.org/10.1080/20403313.2022.2141509.

Lee A. Casey. "Pirate Constitutionalism: An Essay in Self-Government." JL & Pol 8, no. 3 (1992).

Lewis Kornhauser. "The Economical Analysis of Law." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, July 17, 2017. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/legal-econanalysis/.

Louis Kaplow and Steven Shavell. "Economic Analysis of Law." In Handbook of Public Economics, edited by A.J Auerbach and M. Feldstein, Vol. 3. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2002.

Martin Albrow. The Global Age: State and Society Beyond Modernity. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1996.

Media Digital. “Riset UI: 90% Mitra UMKM Gojek Optimistis Bisa Pulih Dari Pandemi.” News. Ekonomi, Agustus 2020. https://ekonomi.bisnis.com/read/20200805/98/1275264/riset-ui-90-mitra-umkm-gojek-optimistis-bisa-pulih-dari-pandemi.

Menpan RB. “Ekonomi Indonesia Tahun 2022 Tumbuh 5,31%.” News. Kementerian Pendayagunaan Aparatur Negara dan Reformasi Birokrasi, February 7, 2023. https://www.menpan.go.id/site/berita-terkini/berita-daerah/ekonomi-indonesia-tahun-2022-tumbuh-5-31-persen.

Nabillah Purba, Mhd Yahya, and Nurbaiti. “Revolusi Industri 4.0: Peran Teknologi Dalam Eksistensi Penguasaan Bisnis Dan Implementasinya.” Jurnal Perilaku Dan Strategi Bisnis 9, no. 2 (2021).

Nugrah Lesono Putri Handayani and Poppy Fitrijanti Soeparan. “Peran Sistem Pembayaran Digital Dalam Revitalisasi UMKM.” Transformasi: Journal of Economics and Business Management 1, no. 3 (September 2022): 20–32.

Pal, Leslie A. "Assessing Incrementalism: Formative Assumptions, Contemporary Realities." Policy and Society 30, no. 1 (February 1, 2011): 29–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polsoc.2010.12.004.

Paul T. Haaga. "Law as a Normative System in the Philosophy of Joseph Raz." AMAMIHE: Journal of Applied Philosophy 18, no. 6 (2020). https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.19692.39043.

Raz, J. "THE INSTITUTIONAL NATURE OF LAW1." The Modern Law Review 38, no. 5 (September 1975): 489–503. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2230.1975.tb01426.x.

Richard Posner. Economic Analysis of Law. Third Edition. Netherlands: Wolters Kluwer Law and Business, 1986.

Rizky Ramadini Febrinda and Rahayu Ningsih. “Kesiapan Digitalisasi Sistem Pembayaran Non-Tunai Di Pasar Rakyat.” Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Kebijakan Publik 13, no. 2 (2022): 87–100.

Rohmat Adi Prasetyo and Riris Rismayani. “Studi Karakteristik Dan Faktor- Faktor Downstream User Transportasi Online (Ride Sharing) Di Kota Bandung.” Jurnal Wacana Ekonomi 18, no. 1 (2018): 34–45.

Sholahuddin Al-Fatih. "Economic Analysis Relationship in Determining The Size of Parliamentary Threshold in Indonesia." Indonesian Journal of Law and Policy Studies 1, no. 2 (October 2020): 152–58.

TNP2K. "Expansion of Social Assistance for Workers Amid the Covid-19 Pandemic, Is It Effective?" Artikel. The National Team for the Acceleration of Poverty Reduction, October 2020. https://www.tnp2k.go.id/articles/expansion-of-social-assistance-for-workers-amid-the-covid19-pandemic-is-it-effective.

Yosepha Pusparisa. “Penggunaan Smartphone Diperkirakan Mencapai 89% Populasi Pada 2025.” Teknologi dan Telekomunikasi. DataReportal – Global Digital Insights, September 15, 2020. https://databoks.katadata.co.id/datapublish/2020/09/15/pengguna-smartphone-diperkirakan-mencapai-89-populasi-pada-2025.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25216/jhp.12.1.2023.159-188

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Abstracting and Indexing by:

Google CendekiaISSN -International Standard Serial NumberBASE - Bielefeld Academic Search EngineBoston University LibrariesCopacCrossref Metadata SearchEBSCOHOLLIS is Harvard Library's catalogIPI-Indonesian Publication IndexISJD - Indonesian Scientific Journal DatabaseMendeley brings your researchNYU Libraries - New York University LibrariesOpen Academic Journals IndexPrinceton University LibraryDirectory of Open Access Scholarly Resources (ROAD)Sherpa RomeoScience and Technology IndexOxfordUCLA LibraryLeiden University LibrariesThe World's Largest Library Catalog